Automatic question generation using extended dependency parsing

Walelign Tewabe Sewunetie, Laszlo Kovacs


The importance of automatic question generation (AQG) systems in education is recognized for automating tasks and providing adaptive assessments. Recent research focuses on improving quality with advanced neural networks and machine learning techniques. However, selecting the appropriate target sentences and concepts remains challenging in AQG systems. To address this problem, the authors created a novel system that combined sentence structure analysis, dependency parsing approach, and named entity recognition techniques to select the relevant target words from the given sentence. The main goal of this paper is to develop an AQG system using syntactic and semantic sentence structure analysis. Evaluation using manual and automatic metrics shows good performance on simple and short sentences, with an overall score of 3.67 out of 5.0. As the field of AQG continues to evolve rapidly, future research should focus on developing more advanced models that can generate a wider range of questions, especially for complex sentence structures.


Automatic question generation Dependency parsing; Evaluation metrics; Models of dependency parsing; Rule-based system

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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