Review of routing protocol for low power and lossy network in the internet of things

Murtaja Ali Saare, Saima Anwar Lashari, Ayman Khalil, Mahmood A. Al-Shareeda, Selvakumar Manickam


The growth of internet of things (IoT) devices and apps has caused disruptions in key sectors such as smart environment, healthcare, and mission-critical tool. Security of IoT devices, networks, and infrastructure is the biggest challenge. RPL, a routing protocol optimised for low-power and lossy networks, is applied by the IoT to offer seamless information transfer among the myriad of interconnected entities. So, the paper delves into the nuts and bolts of RPL, covering its protocol settings, trickle timer, and objective function, as well as the IoT’s architecture and applications. This article also provides a framework for categorising past research on the effects of RPL-IoT on energy consumption, transportation, service quality, traffic congestion, and safety. The future of energy efficiency, congestion, objective function, mobility, stability, security, collaborative intrusion detection systems, active learning, and Key Management are all considered in this analysis.


Internet of things; Review of 6LoWPAN-RPL; RPL; RPL-IoT; RPL-IoT review

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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