Performance evaluation of arithmetic coding data compression for internet of things applications

Nor Asilah Khairi, Asral Bahari Jambek, Rizalafande Che Ismail

Abstract


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is known for its autonomous sensors, where it has been found to be useful during the development of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. However, WSN is also known for its limited energy supply and memory space, as it carries small-sized batteries and memory space. Hence, a data compression approach has been introduced in this paper with the purpose of solving this particular issue. This paper focused on the performance of the Arithmetic Coding algorithm. Temperature (Temp), Sea-Level Pressure (Pressure), stride interval (Stride), and heart rate (BPM) were chosen as the dataset in this project. Based on the results, the compression ratio of Temp, Pressure, Stride, and BPM were 0.428, 0.255, 0.217, and 0.159 respectively. From this analysis, BPM produced the best compression ratio. Undeniably, the Arithmetic Coding algorithm is one of the best methods to compress real-world datasets. Hence, by using this approach, it can reduce the usage of energy and memory space.

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is known for its autonomous sensors, where it has been found to be useful during the development of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. However, WSN is also known for its limited energy supply and memory space, as it carries small-sized batteries and memory space. Hence, a data compression approach has been introduced in this paper with the purpose of solving this particular issue. This paper focused on the performance of the Arithmetic Coding algorithm. Temperature (Temp), Sea-Level Pressure (Pressure), stride interval (Stride), and heart rate (BPM) were chosen as the dataset in this project. Based on the results, the compression ratio of Temp, Pressure, Stride, and BPM were 0.428, 0.255, 0.217, and 0.159 respectively. From this analysis, BPM produced the best compression ratio. Undeniably, the Arithmetic Coding algorithm is one of the best methods to compress real-world datasets. Hence, by using this approach, it can reduce the usage of energy and memory space.


Keywords


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), Internet of Things (IoT), Data compression, Arithmetic Coding, Real-world datasets

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v13.i2.pp591-597

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