Shape Defect Detection using Local Standard Deviation and Rule-Based Classifier for Bottle Quality Inspection

Norhashimah Mohd Saad, Nor Nabilah Syazana Abdul Rahma, Abdul Rahim Abdullah, Mohd Juzaila Abd Latif


This paper presents shape analysis using Local Standard Deviation (LSD) technique to detect shape defect of the bottle for product quality inspection. The proposed analysis framework includes segmentation, feature extraction, and classification. The shape of the bottle was segmented using LSD technique in order to obtain higher enhancement at the low contrast area and low enhancement at the high contrast area. The contrast gain that was applied in Adaptive Contrast Enhancement (ACE) algorithm, was presented inversely proportional to LSD in order to detect and eliminate background noise at the bottle edge. After the segmentation process, the parameters of the bottle shape such as height, width, area, and extent were extracted and applied in classification stage. The rule-based classifier was used to classify the shape of the bottle either good or defect. The offline experimental results exhibit superior segmentation on performance with 100% accuracy for 100 sample images. This shows that the LSD could be an effective technique to monitor the product quality.


Shape defect detection; Local Standard Deviation; Adaptive Contrast Enhancement

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics