Energy efficient routing protocol for enhancing the network lifetime in wireless sensor network

Veeresh Hiremath, Sidlingappa Kerur, Anand Gudnavar


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) confront significant challenges related to battery capacity, as sensor nodes operate on limited energy resources. To address this issue, low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) protocol is commonly employed for power management in WSNs. LEACH is commonly used for power management. Here, sensing region is divided into clusters and sectors, placing a gateway node at the center to minimize energy consumption during data transmission. It employs one-hop, two-hop, or three-hop pathways based on node proximity to the base station (BS) to optimize energy usage. Network performance is assessed using rounds, throughput, and energy usage. MATLAB simulations compare the proposed approach with dual layer LEACH (DL-LEACH) and LEACH, showing significant improvements in network lifetime. The proposed scheme outperforms LEACH by 515% and 347% for 20% and 50% node depletion, respectively. Compared to DL-LEACH, it extends network lifetime by 27% and 59% under similar scenarios. Sectoring, clustering, and multi-hop communication reduce energy consumption, enhancing network lifetime and addressing WSN challenges effectively.


Clusters; Gateway node; Lifetime; Sectors; Throughput

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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