Sanskrit to Hindi language translation using multimodal neural machine translation

Prashanth Kammar, Parashuram Baraki, Sunil Kumar Ganganayaka, Manjunath Swamy Byranahalli Eraiah, Kolakaluri Lakshman Arun Kumar


Machine translation (MT) is a subfield of computer features that focuses on the automatic translation from one natural language into another without any human involvement. Due to native people interacting in a variety of languages, there is a great need for translating information between languages to send and communicate thoughts. However, they disregard the significance of semantic data encoded in the text features. In this paper, multimodal neural machine translation (MNMT) is proposed for Sanskrit-Hindi translation. The main goal of the proposed method is to fully utilize semantic text features on NMT architecture and to minimize testing and training time. The MNMT is validated on two different NMT architectures: recurrent neural network (RNN) and self-attention network (SAN). The MNMT method’s efficacy is demonstrated by employing the dataset of Sanskrit-Hindi Corpora. Extensive experimental outcomes represent the proposed method’s enhancement over baselines on both architectures. The existing methods, namely, English-to-Indian MT system, Sanskrit-Hindi MT system, and hybrid MT system are used to justify the efficacy of the MNMT method. When compared to the above-mentioned existing methods, RA-RNN respectively achieves a superior BLEU and METEOR of 80.5% and 75.3%, while the RA-SAN respectively achieves a superior BLEU and METEOR of 78.2% and 77.1%.


Attention mechanism; Decoder; Encoder; Neural machine translation; Semantic text

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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