Review of battery models and experimental parameter identification for lithium-ion battery equivalent circuit models

Nouhaila Belmajdoub, Rachid Lajouad, Abdelmounime El Magri, Soukaina Boudoudouh, Mohamed Hicham Zaggaf


The growing use of electric vehicles has led to an ever-increasing demand for efficient and reliable management systems to control the behavior of lithium-ion batteries, especially with respect to heat generation and state-of-charge. Understanding these patterns constitutes a major new challenge for these batteries, as remaining ignorant of their behavior can result in decreased performance, shorter service life and even safety dangers. This review provides an overview of the different modeling techniques applied to simulate battery behavior. Different methods using equivalent electrical circuit models are discussed, covering both simple battery models and more complex equivalent electrical circuit models, with a focus on the 2RC-Thévenin circuit model. In this context, parameter approach methods for these systems are reviewed. In addition, laboratory tests are run to identify the various model parameters for a lithium-ion battery. This comprehensive study is designed to guide scientists and engineers in the selection and use of suitable tools for state-of-charge and battery health studies.


Battery equivalent circuit model; Electric vehicles; Lithium-ion battery; Parameter identification; State of charge

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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