Whale optimization algorithm and internet of things for horizontal axis solar tracker-basedload optimization

Magudeswaran Paramasivam, Sakthivel Palaniappan, Kalavathi Devi


Renewable solar energy is the future of all other resources because of its reliability and availability all over the earth. Optimization of the energy consumption and utilization of internet of things (IoT) devices deployed in such systems poses significant challenges. Axis tracker panel is the scope for the next decade toincrease the performance of the existing panels. This research focuses on the development of intelligent energy optimization algorithms for IoT devices. The integration of renewable energy sources and IoT devices in solar-microgrid energy systems offers promising solutions for sustainable and efficient energy management. The proposed whale optimization algorithm (WOA) takes into account dynamic factors, including varying energy availability and fluctuating demand patterns, to optimize the overall performance. Leveraging real-time data from IoT sensors and smart meters, the algorithms balance energy generation and consumption, prioritize critical loads, and incorporate energy forecasting techniques to handle fluctuations in renewable energy production. Moreover, they integrate demand response mechanisms and dynamic pricing models to encourage flexible energy consumption patterns and minimize operational costs. The results of this study demonstrate the significant potential of the WOA algorithm in enhancing the sustainability of microgrid energy systems, paving the way for a greener and more reliable energy future.


Internet of things; Load optimization; Micro-grid; Solar panel; Whale optimizer

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v32.i3.pp1278-1287


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Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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