Deep neural networks approach with transfer learning to detect fake accounts social media on Twitter

Arif Ridho Lubis, Santi Prayudani, Muhammad Luthfi Hamzah, Yuyun Yusnida Lase, Muharman Lubis, Al-Khowarizmi Al-Khowarizmi, Gabriel Ardi Hutagalung


The massive use of social media makes people take actions that have a negative impact on cyberspace, such as creating fake accounts that aim to commit crimes such as spam and fraud to spread false information. Fake accounts are difficult to detect in the traditional way because fake accounts always use photos, names, and unreal information, there are several criteria that can identify a fake account such as no information, few followers, and minimal activity. In the traditional model, it is difficult to detect fake accounts on many Twitters social media accounts, so the application of the deep learning model with the convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm and the application of deep learning can help detect fake accounts. This study will use data on Twitter social media so that this research produces good accuracy for the scenarios described at the methodology stage. This research produces an accuracy of 86% for the deep learning model with the CNN algorithm, and with the traditional model, it produces an accuracy of 51% while the use of transfer learning produces an accuracy of 93.9%.


Convolutional neural network; Deep neural network; Fake account; Transfer learning; Twitter

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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