Deep learning-based Ipoh driving cycle prediction

Nurru Anida Ibrahim, Arunkumar Subramaniam, Siti Norbakyah Jabar, Salisa Abdul Rahman


The driving cycle is a series of driving behaviours, such as acceleration, braking, and cruising, that occur over a set length of time. Predicting the driving cycle can help to improve vehicle performance or anticipate the range of an electric car. Based on prior data, long short-term memory (LSTM) networks can be used to forecast a vehicle's driving cycle. This paper studies a driving cycle prediction based on LSTM by recurrent neural network (RNN) using developed driving cycle data. The objectives of this paper are; to develop an Ipoh driving cycle (IDC), to develop a prediction of future IDC and to analyze the prediction of IDC. Firstly, the driving data is collected in three different routes in Ipoh city at back-from-work times. Then the data is divided into micro-trips and the driving features are extracted. The features are used to develop a driving cycle using k-means clustering approach. The prediction is developed after the training of neural networks by using LSTM network approach with root mean square error (RSME) of 6.2252%.


Driving cycle; Emissions; Fuel economy; Hybrid electric vehicles; K-means clustering; Predictive modelling; Recurrent neural network

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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