Fabrication and characterization of methylammonium lead iodide-based perovskite solar cells under ambient conditions

Dwayne Jensen Reddy, Ian Joseph Lazarus


This study investigated the fabrication and characterization of CH3NH3PbI3 based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) using the one-step spin coating technique under ambient conditions, eliminating the need for expensive glovebox and thermal evaporation equipment. The perovskite layer was annealed at 65 °C for 30 seconds and 100 °C for 30 seconds, 1 and 2 minutes. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) images show a smooth and uniform surface coverage for the ETL and CH3NH3PbI3 layers. SEM results also show an average grain size of 397 nm for CH3NH3PbI3 and an average particle size of ~17 nm for TiO2 was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirmed the formation of tetragonal perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3) phase with high crystallinity with a crystallite size of 19.99 nm for the samples annealed for 30 seconds at 65 °C and 1 min at 100 °C. FTIR results also confirmed the presence of anatase TiO2 at wavenumber 438 cm-1 and the formation of the adduct of Pb2 with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and MAI is confirmed at 1,015 cm-1 . From the Tauc plot the bandgap energy of TiO2 and Perovskite layers was determined to be 3.52 eV and 2.06 eV respectively. An open-circuit voltage was 0.9057 V and short circuit current density was 12.2185 mA/cm2 with a fill factor of 48.05 and power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.199%.


Bandgap; Electron transport layer; Methyl ammonium lead iodide; Perovskite solar cells; Titanium dioxide

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v34.i3.pp1410-1419


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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