Optimal control strategy of photovoltaic system based autonomous micro grid for power quality improvement

Karimulla Syed Mohammad, Chekka Ravi Kumar


Due to the increasing number of distributed generation units being used in remote regions, the need for reliable and flexible operation of these systems has led to the development of microgrid technology. When a microgrid operates in an autonomous mode, it can experience unpredictable loads and other factors that can affect its operation. An optimal control mechanism is required to maintain the system's stability. Hence, in this paper optimal control strategy of autonomous microgrid for power quality improvement is presented. A test case of single phase 3.5 kW photovoltaic (PV) system based autonomous micro grid is considered. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) and Harris hawks optimization (HHO) optimal control strategies are implemented under standard test case and variable test cases. In all the cases PV mean voltage-Vmpv (V), PV mean current-Impv (A), RMS voltage-Vrms (V), RMS current-Irms (A), mean PV power-Ppv (W), autonomous grid power-Pg (W), efficiency (%), total harmonic distortion (THD) (%), inverter losses (%) are evaluated. In all the cases HHO optimal control strategy for autonomous microgrid exhibits the best performance in comparison with PSO optimal control strategy. The inverter efficiency is improved, inverter losses are reduced and the THD is improved.


Harris hawks optimization; Microgrid; Optimal; Particle swarm optimization; Total harmonic distortion

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v32.i2.pp598-611


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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