A new approach to develop biometric fingerprint using human right thumb fingernail

Tahani Ghanim Al-Sultan, Aza Qays Abduljabar, Warqaa Hashim Alkhaled, Zaid Husham Al-Sawaff, Fatma Kandemirli


In this article, we analyzed the structure of human nails to develop a modern biometric authentication system based on the nail bed and finger lunula. The results of the studies on the collected images proved that each fingernail has distinctive characteristics in terms of the length and width of the nail and the lunula, even identical twins. We focused on the fingernail of the right thumb because of its large size and the accuracy and clarity of the nail. The mediation of the indicative points on the nail bed and on the lunula was used to form the pentagonal structure and use it as a region of interest. Then an ensemble independent component analysis, principal component analysis, haar wavelet, and scale invariant feature transformation, were used. Later we classified these algorithms using support vector machine and Naive Bayes techniques, the performance of each algorithm was analyzed by feature extraction with two classifiers. This study was conducted on 100 participants and showed that this new method could be used as a biometric identification system for humans. There was no similarity in results for all verified samples.


Biometric authentication; Fingernails; Lunula; Nail plate; Semantic points

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v31.i1.pp98-107


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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