Stepwise regression of agarwood oil significant chemical compounds into four quality differentiation

Siti Mariatul Hazwa Mohd Huzir, Aqib Fawwaz Mohd Amidon, Anis Hazirah ‘Izzati Hasnu Al-Hadi, Nurlaila Ismail, Zakiah Mohd Yusoff, Saiful Nizam Tajuddin, Mohd Nasir Taib


This paper gives precise summary on the application of stepwise regression model based upon the pre-process analysis of boxplot for four chemical compounds into four different qualities of agarwood oil. In the global market, agarwood oil is acknowledged as a pricey and valuable nature product owing to its benefits. Unfortunately, there is no standard grading method for agarwood oil grade classification. Intelligent model in grading the quality of agarwood oil is crucial as one of the efforts to classify the agarwood quality. The main model chosen in this study is stepwise regression by concerned specific parameter which is the value of correlation coefficient, R2. To achieve this goal, four out of eleven significant compounds of agarwood oil that consist of 660 data samples from low, medium low, medium high and high quality are representing the input. The independent variables are X1, X2, X3 and X4 which refer to the ɤ-Eudesmol, 10-epi-ɤ-eudesmol, β-agarofuran and dihydrocollumellarin compounds, respectively. MATLAB software version r2015a has been chosen as the simulation platform for this research work. The result showed that the stepwise regression model has a correlation coefficient of 0.756 and p-value less than 0.05 significance level which successfully passed the performance criteria toward regression value.


Agarwood oil; Significant compounds; Stepwise regression; Grade classification; Intelligent model

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