Mathematical modelling of vehicle drivetrain to predict energy consumption

Latha Ramasamy, Ashok Kumar Loganathan, Rajalakshmi Chinnasamy


Nowadays, many firms have started producing electric vehicles (EVs). One of the biggest challenges to broad acceptance of electric vehicles is their limited range EVs. Forecasting future energy usage is one of the way to calculate the driving range. In this paper, a simulation model of the drivetrain has been developed to evaluate the energy flow of a vehicle for the given torque and speed conditions. The energy consumption of an electric vehicle is determined by the vehicle's attributes. Road torque, road speed, motor model, motor controller model, battery model, and PI controller are the primary components of the model. The overall resistive force offered by the vehicle, as well as energy consumption owing to resistive force during motoring and regeneration has been validated through the simulation results. Here, the vehicle model, Mercedes Benz Class C Saloon has been considered.


Drivetrain; Energy consumption; Electric vehicles model; Proportional-integral controller; Prediction;

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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