An interpolation based steganographic technique with least-significant-bit and pixel value differencing in a pixel block

Jayeeta Majumder, Chittaranjan Pradhan

Abstract


Over the past few years, in order to improve the hiding capacity and the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) value, several steganographic techniques have been developed. Steganography has become a popular technique to transmit secret data through any medium. In image steganography, the human eye cannot easily identify the hidden data which is embedded into the image. Small changes are also not detected by the human eye. High hidden capacity along with high visual quality is provided by the pixel value differencing (PVD) method. This paper first proposes the method of interpolation between the pixel blocks and then applies the least-significant-bit (LSB) substitution technique with the PVD method. At the starting phase, the original image is fixedto a 2x2 block, then the nearest neighbor interpolation (NNI) technique is implemented. In the next phase, the upper left pixel isembedded by the k-bit LSB substitution method along with hidden data. The newly generated neighbouring pixel value is measured. Thus, data is hidden from three directions. Through this paper using two different range tables, the new algorithm is proposed. We observed that in both cases, PSNR and the hiding capacity are improved.

Keywords


Data hiding; Least-significant-bit technique; Nearest neighbour interpolation; Pixel value differencing scheme; Steganography;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v27.i2.pp1074-1082

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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