Medical diagnostic support system based on breast thermography using Raspberry Pi and cloud computing

Nabil Karim Chebbah, Mohamed Ouslim

Abstract


Breast thermography is a promising medical imaging technique for the detection of breast cancer. However, providing a robust and portable computer-aided diagnostic system for breast thermography remains a tedious task. In this paper, a computer-aided diagnostic system based on breast thermography is developed and implemented on a Raspberry Pi 4 using the cloud computing services to provide the computing power needed for machine learning algorithms. Image processing techniques such as pre-processing and segmentation are employed to achieve an adequate feature extraction task. The Support Vector Machine classifier is used in the final stage to classify the breast as normal or abnormal. According to the experimental results, the proposed computer-aided diagnostic system has shown high performance in both the segmentation and classification steps. Furthermore, a low computation time was obtained when using the high computing capabilities of the cloud with the Raspberry Pi. We conclude that the implementation of such a decision support system on the Raspberry Pi especially when using the cloud computing services, can be a reliable tool for radiologists to predict breast abnormalities even in the rural backcountry where there is lack of health services.

Keywords


Breast thermography; Cloud computing; Computer aided detection system; Machine learning; Raspberry Pi

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v28.i2.pp787-792

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