Enhancement of spectrum sensing technique with energy harvesting for cognitive radio network

Oladapo Seun Okediran, Festus Kehinde Ojo, John Adedapo Ojo, Olasunkanmi Fatai Oseni, Oluwole Oladele Obanisola

Abstract


Spectrum Sensing (SS) is cognitive radio's (CR’s) fundamental and essential mechanism to locate idle spectrum. Multipath effects in wireless channels, on the other hand, reduce CR's sensing accuracy, resulting in a significant risk of missing data. Optimal Spectrum Sensing Technique with Energy Harvesting (OSSTEH) used to solve this problem suffers from poor performance due to only one Primary User (PU) branch used. Hence, in this paper, an enhanced SS with energy harvesting technique is proposed using Maximal Ratio Combiner (MRC). The multiple copies of the PU signal were received using 'N' number of secondary users (SU) antennas and divided into two equal fractions. The first fraction was used for spectrum sensing, while the latter was used for energy harvesting. The first set of SU antennas received a PU signal, which was combined using MRC, and the output of the combiner was used as an input to the energy detector to calculate the received signal's energy. To assess the existence or absence of the PU signal, the acquired energy was compared to the threshold limit. The enhanced technique was evaluated using the probability of detection and signal strength compared with conventional OSSTEH. The enhanced technique gave a high detection rate with an increase in charging rate than the conventional OSSTEH.

Keywords


Antenna switching; Maximal ratio combiner; Primary user; RF energy harvesting; Secondary user

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v28.i2.pp810-819

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