Spectral efficiency and performance improvement of coherent optical transmission system

Muthanna Ali Kadhim, Ali Yousif Fattah, Atheer Alaa Sabri


This paper presents an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) for a long-haul optical transmission system with high-rate transferability to alleviate dispersion effects. In addition, we suggest combining polarization division multiplexing (PDM) with coherent OFDM (CO-OFDM) to increase spectral efficiency (SE). Based on OptiSystem (2021) version 18.0" software package, a 100 Gbps single-channel PDM-CO-OFDM transmission system is investigated using different modulation formats; bipolar phase keying (BPSK), quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK), Eight-Phase-Shift Keying modulators (8-PSK), and quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM). A 60 km span of standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) cable is employed in this investigation. The system's performance and spectral efficiency have been evaluated by comparing against the different modulation schemes. The outcomes that were got show that the BPSK modulation scheme has the longest transmission distance and requires a lesser level of optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) at the receiver side. Concerning spectral efficiency, 16-QAM outperforms the others. Farther, the impact of employing ultra-low loss and large effective area fiber in reducing loss and nonlinear effects in the optical channel for 16-QAM modulation formats is examined. The result found that the system with advanced fiber has superior performance than the SSMF. The bit error rate (BER) of 0.033 (20% concatenated forward error correction (FEC) threshold) is used as a baseline.


Coherent orthogonal frequency division multiplexing; G.654.E; Large effective area; Modulation format; Polarization division multiplexing; Spectral efficiency; Ultra-low loss

Full Text:


DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v27.i1.pp290-300


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics