Modelling and proportional-integral-derivative controller design for position analysis of the 3-degree of freedom

Nur Syahirah Eshah Budin, Khairuddin Osman


A closed-loop system or which can also be known as a feedback system helps the system to achieve the desired output by comparing the input and the output values. If any difference is detected, the closed-loop system will create an error signal and automatically responds to it. Other than that, the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller has a feedback mechanism. Thus, this creates the curiosity whether the closed-loop system and PID which both have the characteristic of a feedback system, can give the same. In this paper, the comparison of the model of 3 degree of freedom (DOF) Mitsubishi RV2-AJ is being made between two models of a robot arm that has a closed-loop system but only one that is embedded with PID controller while the other one is not, these two are simulated for different positions. The new model is created by using Solidworks which is later exported to Matlab-Simulink. The results from MATLAB-Simulink show that the model which is equipped with a PID controller has better results in terms of the rise time and percentage of overshoot. These results confirm the effectiveness of PID controller in producing smaller errors in the systems even when both models are created together with closed-loop systems.


3 DOF; Mitsubishi RV2-AJ; Proportional-integral-derivative controller; Solidworks modelling

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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