Power quality mitigation and transient analysis in AC/DC hybrid microgrid for electric vehicle charging

Sumana Sreenivasa Rao, Dhanalakshmi Rangaswamy

Abstract


The usage of electric vehicles (EV) increased in recent years as the vehicles design and performances are nearly similar to petrol vehicles. The main source of energy for EV is taken from the grid for charging. So, the penetration of EVs in alternating current (AC) grid creates more power quality issues like voltage sag, swell and harmonics in the current. This energy can also be produced from the renewable energy resources like photovoltaic (PV) power generation. This PV energy can also be used as direct current (DC) grid. The electric vehicle chargers which come with intelligent grid operation is considered as load in this paper. This paper is an attempt to discuss the penetration of EVs in AC/DC hybrid micro grid which causes the power quality problems, and the power quality problem is mitigated by using the unified power quality conditioner (UPQC). The results are analyzed for three cases and four scenarios which is based on the function of UPQC and the action of smart charger in grid connected as well as autonomous mode operation of the AC/DC micro grid when the load is considered as dynamic load. The simulation is carried out in MATLAB2017b environment

Keywords


Dynamic load model; EV model; Harmonics; Hybrid micro grid; UPQC;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v24.i3.pp1315-1322

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