An approach to categorize chest X-ray images using sparse categorical cross entropy

Chaithanya B. N., Swasthika Jain T. J., A. Usha Ruby, Ayesha Parveen

Abstract


The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is the most recent threat to global health. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing, computed tomography (CT) scans, and chest X-ray (CXR) images are being used to identify Coronavirus, one of the most serious community viruses of the twenty-first century. Because CT scans and RT-PCR analyses are not available in most health divisions, CXR images are typically the most time-saving and cost-effective tool for physicians in making decisions. Artificial intelligence and machine learning have become increasingly popular because of recent technical advancements. The goal of this project is to combine machine learning, deep learning, and the health-care sector to create a categorization technique for detecting the Coronavirus and other respiratory disorders. The three conditions evaluated in this study were COVID-19, viral Pneumonia, and normal lungs. Using X-ray pictures, this research developed a sparse categorical cross-entropy technique for recognizing all three categories. The proposed model had a training accuracy of 91% and a training loss of 0.63, as well as a validation accuracy of 81% and a validation loss of 0.7108.

Keywords


COVID-19; Pneumonia viral; Prediction; Sparse categorical cross-entropy; Stochastic gradient descent;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v24.i3.pp1700-1710

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