A comparative study for the assessment of Ikonos satellite image-fusion techniques

Javier Medina, Nelson Vera, Erika Upegui


IImage-fusion provide users with detailed information about the urban and rural environment, which is useful for applications such as urban planning and management when higher spatial resolution images are not available. There are different image fusion methods. This paper implements, evaluates, and compares six satellite image-fusion methods, namely wavelet 2D-M transform, gram schmidt, high-frequency modulation, high pass filter (HPF) transform, simple mean value, and PCA. An Ikonos image (Panchromatic-PAN and multispectral-MULTI) showing the northwest of Bogotá (Colombia) is used to generate six fused images: MULTIWavelet 2D-M, MULTIG-S, MULTIMHF, MULTIHPF, MULTISMV, and MULTIPCA. In order to assess the efficiency of the six image-fusion methods, the resulting images were evaluated in terms of both spatial quality and spectral quality. To this end, four metrics were applied, namely the correlation index, erreur relative globale adimensionnelle de synthese (ERGAS), relative average spectral error (RASE) and the Q index. The best results were obtained for the  MULTISMV image, which exhibited spectral correlation higher than 0.85, a Q index of 0.84, and the highest scores in spectral assessment according to ERGAS and RASE, 4.36% and 17.39% respectively.


Fusion; Gram schmidt; High frequency modulation; PCA; Satellite images; Simple mean value; Wavelet 2D-M;

Full Text:


DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v25.i1.pp256-264


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics