Comparative study of low power wide area network based on internet of things for smart city deployment in Bandung city

Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin, Maruli Tua Baja Sihotang, Muhammad Ary Murti


Smart city implementation, such as smart energy and utilities, smart mobility & transportation, smart environment, and smart living in urban areas is expanding rapidly worldwide. However, one of the biggest challenges that need to be solved is the selection of the appropriate internet of things (IoT) connectivity technologies. This research will seek for the best candidate low power wide area network (LPWAN) technologies such as long-range wide area network (LoRaWAN), narrow-band internet of things (NB-IoT), and random phase multiple access (RPMA) for IoT smart city deployment in Bandung city is based on IoT network connectivity between with six technical evaluation criteria: gateway requirements, traffic/data projection, the best signal level area distribution, and overlapping zones. Bass model is carried out to determine the capacity forecast. While in coverage prediction, LoRaWAN and NB-IoT use the Okumura-Hata propagation, and Erceg-Greenstein (SUI) model is used for RPMA. Based on the simulation and performance evaluation results, RPMA outperforms LoRaWAN and NB-IoT. It required the least gateway number to cover Bandung city with the best signal levels and overlapping zones.


Long-range wide area network; Low power wide area network; Narrow-band internet of things; Network planning; Random phase multiple access; Smart city;

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