Solutions of reaction-diffusion equations using similarity reduction and HSSOR iteration

Nur Afza Mat Ali, Rostang Rahman, Jumat Sulaiman, Khadizah Ghazali


Similarity method is used in finding the solutions of partial differential equation (PDE) in reduction to the corresponding ordinary differential equation (ODE) which are not easily integrable in terms of elementary or tabulated functions. Then, the Half-Sweep Successive Over-Relaxation (HSSOR) iterative method is applied in solving the sparse linear system which is generated from the discretization process of the corresponding second order ODEs with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Basically, this ODEs has been constructed from one-dimensional reaction-diffusion equations by using wave variable transformation. Having a large-scale and sparse linear system, we conduct the performances analysis of three iterative methods such as Full-sweep Gauss-Seidel (FSGS), Full-sweep Successive Over-Relaxation (FSSOR) and HSSOR iterative methods to examine the effectiveness of their computational cost. Therefore, four examples of these problems were tested to observe the performance of the proposed iterative methods.  Throughout implementation of numerical experiments, three parameters have been considered which are number of iterations, execution time and maximum absolute error. According to the numerical results, the HSSOR method is the most efficient iterative method in solving the proposed problem with the least number of iterations and execution time followed by FSSOR and FSGS iterative methods.


Reaction-Diffusion Equation; Wave Variable Transformation; Finite Difference; HSSOR Iteration

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