Performance Study of Load Flow Algorithms in Well and Ill-Conditioned Systems

Lea Tien Tay, Kai Seng Chieng


Existing transmission systems are classified as either ill systems or healthy systems. Most of the load flow algorithms works proficiently under well-conditioned systems. However, some of those algorithms fail to produce the accurate results for ill-conditioned systems. This paper investigates the performance of eight load flow algorithms based on the conventional Newton-Raphson, Fast-decoupled and Second-order Load Flow methods for a wide range of electrical bus system sizes. Tests are carried out for each load flow algorithm on six different standard bus systems, each with five different ill-conditioning levels. The results show that improved load flow model with constant Jacobian has advantages over the conventional load flow approach in both well and ill-conditioned system, especially for large-scale system.


Newton-Raphson, Fast-decoupled Load Flow, Second-order Load Flow, Constant Jacobian, ill-conditioned system

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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