Types of Circuit Breaker and its Application in Substation Protection

Hui Hwang Goh, Sy yi Sim, Nur Iskandar bin Hamzah, Sulaiman bin Mazlan, Chin Wan Ling, Qing Shi Chua, Kai Chen Goh

Abstract


Power system consists of the generation, transmission, distribution, and substation. All the power system component requires suitable protection devices as the protection system to protect the system during fault occur. In this paper, the circuit breaker has been selected as one of the protection devices in several applications. The types of circuit breaker that has been reviewed in this paper are oil circuit breaker (OCB), air circuit breaker (ACB), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) circuit breaker, vacuum circuit breaker, and DC breaker which are hybrid DC breaker and solid-state DC breaker. Normally, the systems or the circuits disrupted or damaged by the fault. To implement the protection system in the system or circuit, the type of faults and cause of faults should be known to overcome the fault. To provide the suitable voltage for the consumer, the substation is needed to control the voltage transmitted at high voltage from the generating station. Protection system is also required in a substation.

Keywords


Circuit breaker, oil circuit breaker, air circuit breaker, sulphur hexafluoride circuit breaker, vacuum circuit breaker, hybrid DC breaker, solid-state DC breaker

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v8.i1.pp213-220

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