Artificial Neural Network Based Fast Edge Detection Algorithm for MRI Medical Images

Teddy Surya Gunawan, Iza Zayana Yaacob, Mira Kartiwi, Nanang Ismail, Nor Farahidah Za'bah, Hasmah Mansor

Abstract


Currently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been utilized extensively to obtain high contrast medical image due to its safety which can be applied repetitively. Edges are represented as important contour features in the medical image since they are the boundaries where distinct intensity changes or discontinuities occur. Many traditional algorithms have been proposed to detect the edge, such as Canny, Sobel, Prewitt, Roberts, Zerocross, and Laplacian of Gaussian (LoG). Moreover, many researches have shown the potential of using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for edge detection. Although many algorithms have been conducted on edge detection for medical images, however higher computational cost and subjective image quality could be further improved. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to develop a fast ANN based edge detection algorithm for MRI medical images. First, we developed features based on horizontal, vertical, and diagonal difference. Then, Canny edge detector will be used as the training output. Finally, optimized parameters will be obtained, including number of hidden layers and output threshold. Results showed that the proposed algorithm provided better image quality while it has faster processing time around three times time compared to other traditional algorithms, such as Sobel and Canny edge detector.


Keywords


MRI images; Artificial neural network; Edge detection; Canny edge detector.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v7.i1.pp123-130

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