Identification of Brain disorders by Sub-band Decomposition of EEG signals and Measurement of Signal to Noise Ratio

Hadaate Ullah, Shahin Mahmud, Rubana Hoque Chowdhury

Abstract


In the case of medical science, one of the most restless researches is the identification of abnormalities in brain. Electroencephalogram (EEG) is the main tool for determining the electrical activity of brain and it contains rich information associated to the varieties physiological states of brain. The purpose of this task is to identify the EEG signal as order or disorder. It is proposed to enrich an automated system for the identification of brain disorders. An EEG signal of a patient has been taken as a sample. The simulation has been done by MATLAB. The file which consists of the signal has been called in and plotted the signals in MATLAB. The proposed system covers pre-processing, feature extraction, feature selection and classification. By the pre-processing the noises are ejected. In this case the signal has been filtered using band pass filter. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) has been used to decompose the EEG signal into Sub-band signal. The feature extraction methods have been used to extract the EEG signal into frequency domain and the time domain features. The SNR (Signal to Noise ratio) is obtained in this work is 1.1281dB.


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v4.i3.pp568-579

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