HybridCSF model for magnetic resonance image based brain tumor segmentation

Jyoti Kataria, Supriya P. Panda


The human brain comprises a complex interconnection of nerve cells and vital organs, which regulates crucial bodily processes. Although neurons commonly undergo developmental stages, they may occasionally experience abnormalities, leading to abnormal growths known as brain tumors. The objective of brain tumor segmentation is to produce precise boundaries of brain tumor regions. This study extensively analyzes deep learning methods for brain tumor detection, evaluating their effectiveness across diverse datasets. It introduces a hybrid model, which is proposed by the name HybriCSF: hybrid convolutional-SVM-fuzzy C-means model combining convolutional neural network (CNN) with the classifier support vector machine (SVM) and clustering technique fuzzy C-means (FCM). The proposed model was implemented on Br35H, BraTs 2020 and BraTs2021 datasets. The suggested model outperformed the existing methods by achieving 98.6% of accuracy on Br35H dataset and dice score of 0.63, 0.87, 0.81 on BraTs 2020 dataset for enhancing tumor (ET), whole tumor (WT), and tumor core (TC), respectively. The achieved dice scores on the BraTs 2021datasets are 0.89, 0.95, and 0.89 for ET, WT, and TC, respectively. The results show that the suggested model HybriCSF outperforms the other CNN-based models in terms of accuracy.


Brain tumor detection; Brain tumor segmentation; CNN model; Deep learning; FCM; MRI scans; SVM

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v35.i3.pp1845-1852


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Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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