Advancing medical imaging with GAN-based anomaly detection

Nabila Ounasser, Maryem Rhanoui, Mounia Mikram, Bouchra El Asri

Abstract


Anomaly detection in medical imaging is a complex challenge, exacerbated by limited annotated data. Recent advancements in generative adversarial networks (GANs) offer potential solutions, yet their effectiveness in medical imaging remains largely uncharted. We conducted a targeted exploration of the benefits and constraints associated with GAN-based anomaly detection techniques. Our investigations encompassed experiments employing eight anomaly detection methods on three medical imaging datasets representing diverse modalities and organ/tissue types. These experiments yielded notably diverse results. The results exhibited significant variability, with metrics spanning a wide range (area under the curve (AUC): 0.475-0.991; sensitivity: 0.17-0.98; specificity: 0.14-0.97). Furthermore, we offer guidance for implementing anomaly detection models in medical imaging and anticipate pivotal avenues for future research. Results unveil varying performances, influenced by factors like dataset size, anomaly subtlety, and dispersion. Our findings provide insights into the complex landscape of anomaly detection in medical imaging, offering recommendations for future research and deployment.

Keywords


Anomaly detection; Artificial intelligence; Deep learning; Fracture detection; Generative adversarial networks; Machine learning; Medical imaging

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v35.i1.pp570-582

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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