Hybrid RIS-assisted interference mitigation for heterogeneous networks

Abdel Nasser Soumana Hamadou, Ciira wa Maina, Moussa Moindze Soidridine


Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) have evolved as a low-cost and energy- efficient option to increase wireless communication capacity. In this research, we suggest using hybrid RIS (H-RIS) to reduce interference in heterogeneous networks (HetNet). In contrast to traditional passive RIS, a hybrid RIS is suggested, which is fitted with a few active elements to not only reflect but also amplify incident signals for a significant performance increase. By jointly optimising the passive and active coefficients of the H-RIS, we aim to maximise the rate of the small cell user (SUE). We presented an effective alternating optimisation (AO)-based phase shift matrix coefficients (AO-PMC) technique to tackle this problem by iteratively optimising these variables because the optimisation problem is not convex. The simulation results demonstrate that, in comparison to the passive RIS-assisted HetNet scheme and the scheme without RIS, the suggested scheme, with just 8% of active elements, can enable HetNet to gain superior spectral efficiency (SE) and energy efficiency (EE). The outcomes also demonstrate that, in the majority of the cases taken into account, H-RIS can outperform the active RIS-assisted HetNet scheme.


Co-tier interference; Cross-tier interference; Energy efficiency; HetNet; Hybrid RIS; Spectral efficiency; RIS

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v35.i1.pp175-190


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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