Empowered corrosion-resistant products through HCP crystal network: a topological assistance

Khalid Hamid, Nasir Ayub, Mohammad Amir Delshadi, Muhammad Ibrar, Nor Zairah Ab Rahim, Yasir Mahmood, Muhammad Waseem Iqbal


Human computer interaction (HCI) aims to enhance product effectiveness and efficiency by empowering users. This research examines corrosion resistance in alloys, a concern due to technological advancements. Metals and alloys are susceptible to degradation, leading to functionality loss, structural collapse, and environmental contamination. Improving corrosion resistance is crucial for product efficiency. In this paper, HCI identifies requirements that emphasize taking an existing hexagonal closely packed (HCP) network, investigating the network for requirements in the form of vertices and edges, mapping different vertices and edges of the network graph with topological invariants, solving the network graph by invariants, and providing results for modeling and design of advanced networks and architectures. The HCI also ensures and investigates the optimization of results produced under the specifications. The study examines network graph results for irregularities, providing guidelines for engineers and manufacturers to create advanced alloy architectures with characteristics through mathematical and graphical methods.


Corrosion-resistant; Hexagonal closely-packed; Irregularities; KBRZ optimization; KBSO invariants

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v34.i3.pp1544-1556


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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