Dynamic line rating for grid transfer capability optimization in Malaysia

Nurul Husniyah Abas, Mohd Zainal Abidin Ab Kadir, Norhafiz Azis, Jasronita Jasni, Nur Fadilah Ab Aziz


This paper details a case study on the implementation of dynamic line rating (DLR) to enhance the ampacity rating of Malaysia’s grid. Utilizing heat balance equations endorsed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IEEE 738) and the International Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE technical brochure 601), the ampacity rating of a Zebra-type aluminum cable steel reinforced (ACSR) conductor on a 275 kV transmission line has been assessed. Real-time weather conditions and conductor temperatures, measured hourly by the DLR sensor over the course of a year, were incorporated into the ampacity calculation to determine the available margin. The weather parameters were analyzed based on the monsoon seasons. A comparative analysis between various methods outlined in the standards and the estimated ampacity rating derived from both standards is presented. According to both standards, the findings indicate that DLR surpasses static line rating (SLR), highlighting the presence of untapped ampacity for grid optimization. Remarkably, CIGRE TB 601 exhibits a higher ampacity rating margin than the IEEE 738 standard, with a percentage difference of 16.20%. The study concludes that the conductor is underutilized and proposes optimization through the integration of real-time weather conditions data into the heat balance equations.


ACSR conductor; Ampacity rating; Dynamic line rating; Grid optimization; Grid transfer capability; Heat balance equation

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v33.i2.pp696-706


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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