Ensemble learning based health care claim fraud detection in an imbalance data environment

Shweta S. Kaddi, Malini M. Patil


Healthcare fraud has become a common encounter in the healthcare finance industry. The financial security of healthcare payers and providers is seriously impacted by healthcare fraud. When incorrect or exaggerated medical services are invoiced for reimbursement, fraudulent healthcare claims result. The effective operation of the healthcare system depends on the detection of such fraudulent actions. This paper develops a healthcare claim fraud detection method based on ensemble learning. Stack ensemble learning algorithm performance is compared to that of methods such as multi-layer perceptron (MLP) classifier, support vector classifier (SVC), logistic regression (LR), and decision tree (DT) algorithm. Because of the healthcare data imbalance, the normal transaction is significantly higher than the fraudulent transaction. The machine learning (ML) algorithm performs poorly because imbalanced data causes it to be biased toward the majority class. As a result, the data is unsampled using the synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE) technique to provide balanced data. The experimental results show that for the identification of healthcare claim fraud, the ensemble learning strategy greatly outperforms single learning algorithms. The stack ensemble learning outperforms all the area under the curve for the receiver-operating characteristic (AUC ROC) curves from various algorithms, and the AUC-ROC curve is determined to be producing results that are adequate for all approaches.


AUC-ROC curve; Ensemble learning; Health care fraud detection; Logistic regression; SMOTE; Stack ensemble learning

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v32.i3.pp1686-1694


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Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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