Positioning an electric wheelchair in 2D grid map based on natural landmarks for navigation using Q-learning

Ba-Viet Ngo, Thanh-Hai Nguyen


Self-mobility electric wheelchairs are very useful for people with disabilities, so they can move without help in indoor environments. To create one selfmobility electric wheelchair, modern methods for control such as computer vision and machine learning can be applied. In particular, this electric wheelchair can move from any position in the indoor environment to the desired destination. For accuracy, natural landmarks are used and the navigation of the wheelchair is determined using a Q-learning reinforcement learning algorithm. In particular, this algorithm is applied to find the best path for the wheelchair to reach the destination. The article proposes a method to build one 2D grid map for wheelchair movement based on natural landmarks in the indoor environment. The new point of this method is that the position of the wheelchair can be accurately determined from a certain landmark instead of many landmarks applied in traditional methods. Some practical experiments were performed to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method in the indoor environment. This proposed method can be developed in more complex environments with natural landmarks.


2D grid map; Natural landmark; Positioning wheelchair Q-learning; Wheelchair navigation

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v31.i1.pp115-125


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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