UAV-enabled communications using NOMA for 5G and beyond: research challenges and opportunities

Muhamad Nafis Kharil, Muhammad Syahrir Johal, Fakrulradzi Idris, Norlezah Hashim


Future wireless networks are expected to provide ubiquitous connectivity to a wide range of devices with varying traffic patterns, wherever and whenever it is required. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are also considered a potential technique for accommodating massive connections and providing seamless coverage. They can be used as flying base stations (BSs) to take advantage of line-of-sight (LoS) connections and effectively support wireless communication coverage and throughput for 5G and beyond. However, the use of highly mobile and energy-constrained UAVs for wireless communications brings plenty of new challenges. 5G wireless networks require non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) to be able to meet heterogeneous requirements for low latency, high dependability, massive connection, better fairness, and high throughput. This paper presents an overview of NOMA-based UAV enabled communications by introducing the background of UAV communication and NOMA schemes. Power allocation schemes are also explored as they are critical controlling mechanisms for performance optimization of NOMA-UAV systems. We also categorize UAV-enabled communication applications for usage in both routine professional settings and emergency scenarios. Finally, we address several open research questions that need to be solved for NOMA, as well as new opportunities and future research trends to be exploited.


5G; Non-orthogonal multiple access; Orthogonal multiple access; Power allocation; UAV-enabled communications; Unmanned aerial vehicle

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics