Bluetooth low energy for internet of things: review, challenges, and open issues

Mahmood A. Al-Shareeda, Murtaja Ali Saare, Selvakumar Manickam, Shankar Karuppayah


As a result of its ultra-low power consumption, simple development, sufficient network coverage, and rapid data transfer speed, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) has emerged as the standard communication standard for internet of things (IoT) nodes. Therefore, in this review paper introduces the concept of Bluetooth low energy for the internet of things (BLE-IoT) in terms of Bluetooth classic, Bluetooth version, applications for BLE-IoT, and new features of BLE-IoT. We then provide a taxonomy of literature reviews based on the parameter adjustment approach (e.g., advertiser side schemes, scanner side schemes, hybrid schemes) and collision avoidance approach (e.g., advertiser side schemes and scanner side schemes). Finally, we discuss research challenges and future opportunities for BLE-IoT.


BLE challenges; BLE-IoT review; Bluetooth low energy; Bluetooth low energy for internet of things; Internet of things

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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