Early fire detection technique for human being using deep learning algorithm

Kannan Deeba, Sattianadan Dasarathan, Srinivasa Rao Kandula, Krishnasamy Selva Sheela, Ravindran Ramkumar, Nagarajan Ashokkumar, Dhandapani Karthikeyan


Fire and smoke detection in today’s world is a must, especially in clustered areas where a quick response can prevent significant damages and save lives. Early detection plays a significant role in preventing the fire from spreading by alerting the emergency response personnel. It may not be possible to install traditional fire and smoke detectors everywhere. As a result, incorporating fire and smoke detection into existing closed circuit television (CCTV) systems in various places can provide a warning to the appropriate authorities, allowing for quick action to prevent the fire from spreading. This work aims in developing an early fire and smoke prediction model with CCTV footage images and video frames. The images and videos are collected from multiple datasets available online. A convolutional neural network (CNN) model is developed for early detection and prevention of the spreading of fire and compares it with transfer learning models ResNet50 and VGG19. The model obtain an accuracy of around 94% using CNN model, 95% using VGG19 and 98% using ResNet 50. A model with high accuracy can replace traditional fire detection systems which can be both cost-effective and easy to implement to existing surveillance cameras.


Convolutional neural network; Deep learning; Fire detection; Surveillance cameras; Transfer learning

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v31.i3.pp1648-1655


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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