Time series prediction of personalized insulin dosage for type 2 diabetics

Jisha G., Nikhila T. Bhuvan, Ritta Jerrard


Careful blood glucose monitoring and consistent insulin administration are necessary for managing diabetes. People with demanding schedules or little access to medical personnel may find this difficult. Fortunately, without having to visit a doctor every day, daily insulin dosage may now be customized to a person’s unique needs using technology and customised algorithms based on their food intake, exercise routines, and blood glucose levels. This information can be entered into a diabetes management app or device, where an algorithm will determine the proper insulin dosage and offer real-time feedback to assist maintain ideal blood glucose levels. A patient's dietary preferences, degree of physical activity, and blood sugar are taken into account for determining the proper bolus and basal insulin dosages in this study. According to the tracked body data, a patient’s appropriate insulin dosage is predicted using artificial neural network (ANN)-based models. Based on patient activity, food intake, exercise, and past insulin administration, insulin projections are created. To forecast an individual’s basal and bolus insulin requirements, long short-term memory (LSTM) and random forest regression models are employed. Accuracy of both models are tested and random forest regression shows better accuracy which is used in the prediction system.


Bolus and basal; Insulin prediction; Long short-term memory; Neural network; Random forest

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v31.i2.pp1080-1087


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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