An adaptive algorithm based on principal component analysis-deep learning for anomalous events detection

Zainab K. Abbas, Ayad A. Al-Ani


One of the most often used applications of human activity detection is anomaly detection, which is covered in this paper. Providing security for a person is a key issue in every community nowadays because of the constantly expanding activities that pose danger, from planned violence to harm caused by an accident. Existing classical closed-circuit television considered is insufficient since it needs a person to stay awake and constantly monitor the cameras, which is expensive. In addition, a person's attention decreases after a certain time. For these reasons, the development of an automated security system that can identify suspicious activities in real-time and quickly aid victims is required. Because identifying activity must be with high accuracy, and in the shortest possible time. We adopt an adaptive algorithm based on the combination of machine learning (ML), principal component analysis (PCA) and deep learning (DL). The UCF-crime dataset was used for the experimentation in this work. Where the area under the curve (AUC) with the proposed approach was equal to 94.21% while the detection accuracy was equal to 88.46% on the test set database. The suggested system has demonstrated its robustness and accomplishment of the best accuracy when compared with earlier designed systems.


Anomaly detection; Bidirectional long short term memory; Deep learning; Machine learning; Principal component analysis; Resnet50

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