A scoping review of topic modelling on online data

Mohd Mukhlis Mohd Sharif, Ruhaila Maskat, Zirawani Baharum, Kamaruzaman Maskat


With the increasing prevalence of unstructured online data generated (e.g., social media, online forums), mining them is important since they provide a genuine viewpoint of the public. Due to this significant advantage, topic modelling has become more important than ever. Topic modelling is a natural language processing (NLP) technique that mainly reveals relevant topics hidden in text corpora. This paper aims to review recent research trends in topic modelling and state-of-the-art techniques used when dealing with online data. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) methodology was used in this scoping review. This study was conducted on recent research works published from 2020 to 2022. We constructed 5 research questions for the interest of many researchers. 36 relevant papers revealed that more work on non-English languages is needed, common pre-processing techniques were applied to all datasets regardless of language e.g., stop word removal; latent dirichlet allocation (LDA) is the most used modelling technique and also one of the best performing; and the produced result is most evaluated using topic coherence. In conclusion, topic modelling has largely benefited from LDA, thus, it is interesting to see if this trend continues in the future across languages.


Natural language processing; Online data; Short text; Systematic review; Topic modelling;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v31.i3.pp1633-1641


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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