Covariance absolute values spectrum sensing method based on two adaptive thresholds

Bushra T. Hashim, Hadi T. Ziboon, Sinan M. Abdulsatar


Cognitive radio is a modern wireless communication methodology that deals with the issue of spectrum untapped. Cognitive users can continually perceive the licensed spectrum to hunt for unoccupied spots. The essential technology in cognitive radio (CR) for primary user detection is spectrum sensing. Due to signal to noise ratio (SNR), noise uncertainty in spectrum sensing would make the detection unreliable. In this paper, the two adaptive thresholds based on_covariance absolute values (TATCAV) are proposed to increase detection performance in the presence of noise uncertainty. According to the computer simulations using MATLAB 2021b, the value of the probability of detection is Pd=98.1% Compared with the results of two thresholds based on_covariance absolute values (TTCAV) Pd= 95.3% at SNR=-18, noise uncertainty Nu=1.761 dB, and using quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM). And the error rate for the proposed approach is Pe=12.1% under the same circumstances. The proposed approach results, according to the simulations, are considerably better than the results of the fixed two-threshold approach.


Adaptive threshold; Cognitive radio; Covariance matrix; Double threshold; Spectrum sensing

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