Optimal energy management of a photovoltaic-batteries-grid system

Diana Sabah Obaid, Ali Jaffar Mahdi, Mohammed Husham Alkhafaji


Microgrid becomes an attractive concept to meet the rapidly increasing demands for energy in worldwide and deal with air pollutions. Distributed energy resources (DERs) in Microgrid are the vital role to meet the demand of the grid locally. The performance and the PV source grid connected system's response depend on vital parameters like transient response, voltage or current overshoot, steady state error, and harmonics distortions. This research aims to optimize the proportional-integral (PI) controller for improving power quality performance and energy management of the PV battery of three phase inverter of grid connected mode scheme. Besides to the PI conventional method, three different meta-heuristic optimization algorithms are proposed and implemented in order to enhance the PI and hence all system parameters. These three algorithms are (Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA), Dragonfly Algorithm (DA)) that can tune the PI controller's parameters by minimizing voltage regulator error, hence approving the goal of optimization in finding the optimal local or global solutions. The experimental results have been demonstrating the variety and the effectiveness of these optimization methods in convergence generation, computation time, and improving all required system parameters.


Battery storage system; Dragonfly algorithm; Energy management; Particle swarm optimization; Photovoltaic system; Wale algorithm

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v27.i3.pp1162-1175


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