Hall sensor-based speed control of a 3-phase permanent-magnet synchronous motor using a field-oriented algorithm

Abidaoun H. Shallal, Saad Abdulmajeed Salman, Ahmad H. Sabry

Abstract


To achieve optimum torque per amp, we retain the angle of the stator-current-vector with respect to the rotor-flux at 90 degrees, rather than controlling the amplitude of the stator-current-vector. Without or with the load torque, the proportional integral (PI) controller produced better results in the speed control loop. A controller is required to maintain a consistent speed and improve system performance as the load changes. This work develops an auto-tuning PI speed controller for 3-phase permanent-magn et synchronous motors using field oriented algorithm. The 3-phase voltage from the grid is converted to DC through a transformer and a grid-side rectifier. The DC voltage is converted back into AC through a machine-side inverter, which drives the motor with time-varying loud. The objective of field oriented control (FOC) in this work is to control the semiconductor switches in the machine-side power inverter to achieve the desired torque and flux. The stator-currents are measured and fed into the flux observer to obtain the direct-quadrature-zero (DQ-axis) current, the rotor magn etizing current, and the angle of the synchronously rotating reference frame. The results show that the motor's speed response has an earlier transient response and a less steady-state inaccuracy after tuning the controllers during acceleration and torque load adjustments.

Keywords


3-phase PMSM; Auto-tuning; Field-oriented control; PI controller; Speed controller

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v27.i3.pp1366-1374

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