Prediction of of heart diseases utilising support vector machine and artificial neural network

Alaa Khaleel Faieq, Maad M. Mijwil

Abstract


The heart, like a pump, is an organ about the size of a fist, mainly composed of muscle and connective tissue that functions to distribute blood to tissues. The heart is located under the rib cage, above the diaphragm between the lungs, slightly closer to the left. Sometimes a small, unexpected problem with the veins or the valves that supply the heart affects a person's life and can lead to death. Early diagnosis is essential to predict diseases that affect the human heart and lead people to live another period of life. In this context, the authors introduce two methods for early diagnosis of heart disease, the support vector machine and artificial neural network. The medical data is taken from the University of California Irvine (UCI) Machine Learning Repository database, and it contains reports of 170 people. The investigation results confirm that the optimal execution is the support vector machine technique. It gives high-accuracy prediction results. As for the performance of the forward propagation artificial neural networks (ANN) technique is acceptable.

Keywords


Artificial neural network; Diagnosis; Heart; Prediction; Support vector machine;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v26.i1.pp374-380

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