Hunting strategy for multi-robot based on wolf swarm algorithm and artificial potential field

Oussama Hamed, Mohamed Hamlich, Mohamed Ennaji


The cooperation and coordination in multi-robot systems is a popular topic in the field of robotics and artificial intelligence, thanks to its important role in solving problems that are better solved by several robots compared to a single robot. Cooperative hunting is one of the important problems that exist in many areas such as military and industry, requiring cooperation between robots in order to accomplish the hunting process effectively. This paper proposed a cooperative hunting strategy for a multi-robot system based on wolf swarm algorithm (WSA) and artificial potential field (APF) in order to hunt by several robots a dynamic target whose behavior is unexpected. The formation of the robots within the multi-robot system contains three types of roles: the leader, the follower, and the antagonist. Each role is characterized by a different cognitive behavior. The robots arrive at the hunting point accurately and rapidly while avoiding static and dynamic obstacles through the artificial potential field algorithm to hunt the moving target. Simulation results are given in this paper to demonstrate the validity and the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.


Cooperative systems; Mobile robots; Multi‐robot systems; Optimization; Path planning;

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