Segmentation of image based on k-means and modified subtractive clustering

Simon Tongbram, Benjamin A. Shimray, Loitongbam Surajkumar Singh


Image segmentation has widespread applications in medical science, for example, classification of different tissues, identification of tumors, estimation of tumor size, surgery planning, and atlas matching. Clustering is a widely implemented unsupervised technique used for image segmentation mainly because of its simplicity and fast computation. However, the quality and efficiency of clustering-based segmentation is highly depended on the initial value of the cluster centroid. In this paper, a new hybrid segmentation approach based on k-means clustering and modified subtractive clustering is proposed. K-means clustering is a very efficient and powerful algorithm but it requires initialization of cluster centroid. And, the consistency of the clustering outcomes of k-means algorithm depends on the initial selection of the cluster center. To overcome this drawback, a modified subtractive clustering algorithm based on distance relations between cluster centers and data points is proposed which finds a more accurate cluster centers compared to the conventional subtractive clustering. These cluster centroids obtained from the modified subtractive clustering are used in k-means algorithm for segmentation of the image. The proposed method is compared with other existing conventional segmentation methods by using several synthetic and real images and experimental finding validates the superiority of the proposed method.


clustering techniques; image segmentation; k-means; modified subtractive clustering; subtractive clustering;

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