A robust watermark algorithm for copyright protection by using 5-level DWT and two logos

Alaa Rishek Hoshi, Nasharuddin Zainal, Mahamod Ismail, Abd Al-Razak T. Rahem, Salim Muhsin Wadi


Recent growth and development of internet and multimedia technologies have made it significant to upload data; however, in this situation, the protection of intellectual property rights has become a critical issue. Digital media, including videos, audios, and images are readily distributed, reproduced, and manipulated over these networks that will be lost copyright. Also, the development of various data manipulation tools like PDF converter and Photoshop Editor has resulted in digital data copyright issues. So, a digital watermarking technique has emerged as an efficient technique of protecting intellectual property rights by providing digital data copyright authentication and protection. In this technique, a watermarked document was integrated into electronic data to prevent unauthorized access. In this paper, A robust watermark algorithm based on a 5-level DWT and Two Log was proposed to enhance the copyright protection of images in unsecured media. Our lab results validate that our algorithm scheme is robust and forceful against several sets of attacks, and high quality watermarked image was achieved, where the algorithm was assessed by computation of many evaluation metrics such as PSNR, SNR, MAE, and RMSE.


Copyright protection; Discrete wavelet transforms; Frequency domain; Information security; Watermarking

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v22.i2.pp842-856


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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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