Implementing optimization of PID controller for DC motor speed control

Yasir G. Rashid, Ahmed Mohammed Abdul Hussain


The point of this paper presents an optimization technique which is flexible and quick tuning by using a genetic algorithm (GA) to obtain the optimum proportional-integral-derivative (PID) parameters for speed control of aseparately excited DC motor as a benchmark for performance analysis. The optimization method is used for searching for the proper value of PID parameters. The speed controller of DC motor using PID tuning method sincludes three types: MATALB PID tunner app., modified Ziegler-Nicholsmethod and genetic algorithm (GA). PID controller parameters (Kp, Ki and Kd) will be obtained by GA to produce optimal performance for the DC motor control system. Simulation results indicate that the tuning method of PID by using a genetic algorithm is shown to create the finest result in system performance such as settling time, rise time, percentage of overshoot and steady state error. The MATLAB/Simulink software is used to model and simulate the proposed DC motor controller system.


DC motor; Genetic algorithm; MATALB PID tunner app; Modified Ziegler-Nichols tuning; PID controller

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The Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS)
p-ISSN: 2502-4752, e-ISSN: 2502-4760
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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